Security News: How Do Wireless Security Systems Work?

Image depicting How Wireless Security Systems Work.

Security News: How Do Wireless Security Systems Work?

Reprinted from American Alarm

With the advancement of technology, wireless security systems are becoming more popular. With so many options out there, it’s difficult to know which way to go with your security system.

Consumer Affairs states that 44% of consumers prefer professionally installed security systems, and 42% of consumers use hard-wired systems that connect to a central control panel. Here’s what you should know about wireless security systems.

How wireless security systems work

Wireless security systems often have several components, including door and window sensors, smoke detectors, cameras, and more. Each of these devices communicates with one another via RF (radio) signals that range between 315 and 900mhz. These components are linked to an all-in-one security panel that transmits signals to the outside world and/or Central Station using WiFi or cell signals.

While the individual components of the security system are wireless, the all-in-one panel must be plugged into the wall because it runs on AC power. (In contrast, a wired home security system is hardwired into the home’s electrical system.)

Capabilities of a wireless security system include (but aren’t limited to):

  • Motion detection
  • Perimeter protection (doors and windows)
  • Panic buttons
  • Smoke detection
  • CO detection
  • Low-temperature detection
  • Water leak detection

When a wireless security system alarm is triggered, the sensor sends an alert to the control panel, which sounds the alarm. At the same time, the control panel will alert the system’s central station monitoring center, and you, the home or business owner. The monitoring center will also verify the alarm and contact you and emergency services if required.

Reliability of wireless security

Wireless security systems are just as reliable as wired systems, but like anything, there are things you need to consider. The devices run on batteries, so it’s important to be mindful of the need to replace batteries.

Most systems use lithium batteries, which have a lifespan of multiple years.

Do wireless systems run during power outages?

Contrary to how it may sound, wireless systems are not completely infallible during power outages. Remember, while the system components operate from batteries, the system’s panel typically runs on AC power.

These systems do have battery backups, which will offer at least 8 hours but in some cases up to 24 hours worth of power in your panel in the event of a power outage. Just keep in mind that if your WiFi signal is down, your system will need a cell transmitter to maintain communication with the outside world (and Central Station) during a power outage.

Benefits of wireless security systems

Wireless security systems have some cool features and benefits that may make them intriguing option for your home.

Flexible installation

Since the components of wireless systems are independent of a hard-wired power source, there’s a little bit more flexibility in terms of where they’re placed. This may give you more control over the aesthetic placement of your system components.

They’re unobtrusive

These systems make a great option for renters because they can be installed without requiring physical modifications to a home. The components are unobtrusive and can be installed in a landlord-friendly fashion. You can even take the components with you if you move.

Point identification

Self-contained, wireless security systems can accommodate point detection, even when the system is disarmed. This means the system will alert you when a door or window opens, making it easy to notice if someone is entering your home. This feature may be especially helpful for folks with vision impairment as they’ll know exactly which door or window is opened.

Integration makes for seamless management

Another compelling benefit of wireless security systems is the degree of integration they offer. The wireless keypad panel is the hub for each component and enables integration with many Z-wave devices, including your thermostat, door locks, lights, and WiFi network. You can manage each integrated component of your home system from a single smartphone app regardless of where you are in the world!

While wireless systems certainly have some intriguing benefits, they aren’t necessarily the best fit for everyone. Ultimately, it’s wise to speak with an experienced security consultant for guidance on the best home security system for your needs and lifestyle. This may be wireless, wired, or hybrid!

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